AGM -84 Harpoon

The AGM-84D Harpoon is an all-weather, over-the-horizon, anti-ship missile system. The AGM-84E Harpoon/SLAM is an infrared Stand-Off Land Attack Missile used for long range precision strikes.


The Harpoon's active radar guidance, warhead design, and low-level, sea-skimming cruise trajectory assure high survivability and effectiveness. The missile is capable of being launched from surface ships, submarines, or (without the booster) from aircraft. The AGM-84D has been adapted for use on Air Force B-52G bombers, which can carry from eight to 12 of the missiles. The AGM-84E uses an inertial navigation system with GPS, and is fitted with a Tomahawk warhead for better penetration.


Originally developed for the Navy to serve as its basic anti-ship missile for fleetwide use, the AGM-84D also has been adapted for use on the Air Force's B-52G bombers. The AGM-84D was first introduced in 1977, and in 1979 an air-launched version was deployed on the Navy's P-3 Orion aircraft. The AGM-84E has been developed for the Navy for land attack use.

General Characteristics:

Primary Function:Air, surface, or submarine launched anti-surface (anti-ship) cruise missile. AGM-85E; surface launched,precision land attack cruise missile.
Contractor:McDonnell Douglas
Power Plant:Teledyne Turbojet and solid propellant booster for surface and submarine launch.
Thrust:660 pounds (approximately 594 kilograms)
Length: 12 feet, 7 inches (3.79 meters) -- air launched; 15 feet (4.55 meters) -- surface and submarine
launched. SLAM; 14 feet, 8 inches (4.49 meters)
Weight: 1,145 pounds (515.25 kilograms) -- air launched; 1,470 pounds (661.5 kilograms) -- SLAM 1,385
pounds (629.55 kilograms) -- submarine or ship launched from box or canister launcher.
Diameter: 13.5 inches (34.29 centimeters)
Wing Span: 3 feet (91.44 centimeters) with booster fins and wings.
Range:Over-the-horizon, in excess of 60 nautical miles.
Speed:High Subsonic
Guidance:Sea-skimming cruise monitored by radar altimeter, active radar terminal homing. SLAM: Inertial
navigation with GPS, infrared terminal guidance.
Warhead:Penetration high-explosive blast (488 pounds/224 kilograms)
Unit Cost:$720,000
Date Deployed: 1985; SLAM 1993

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