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M61A1 Vulcan

Type: Gatling cannon
Range: 1 mile
Ordnance: 20mm shell
Weight: 255 lb
Mount: Internal
Muzzle Velocity: 3,400 feet/second
Fire Rate: 6,600 rounds/minute
Max. Rounds: 515




The M61 Gatling Cannon has been the standart internal aircraft gun of the United States Air Force for 30+ years. It is capable in both dogfighting and strafing roles. While current Air Force doctrine stresses the development and use of BVR missiles such as the AMRAAM, the gun is the only weapon effective at very close ranges. In fact, during the Vietnam War, guns accounted for one-third of the air combat kills, despite being installed on only a small percentage of the American fighter contingent.

LAU 5003A Rocket Launcher
Seeker: Unguided
Length 6 ft 5 in:
Weight: 540 lb
Warhead: 19 CRV7 rockets
Range: 4 miles
Drag factor: 58
The LAU 5003A rocket launcher fires up to 19 air-to-ground missiles effective against light armor, vehicles and other soft targets.

Fuel tank

Type: 300 gal external
Weight: 1,900 lb
Mount: Centerline
Drag factor: 30
Fuel tank

Type: 370 gal external
Weight: 2,400 lb each
Mount: Inner wing pylon
Drag factor: 76


Type: ECM pod
Weight: 535 lb
Mount: Centerline
Drag factor: 18


The ECM /Electronic Countermeasure/ pod produces a noise signal with deception modulation to jam SAM guidance systems and prevent lock-on. It can also confuse the missile radar of enemy planes - but not reliably.


AN/ALQ-119 Jamming Pod
The Westinghouse AN/ALQ-119 jammer pod is currently carried on the F-16 and A-10, and previously carried on the F-4 prior to that aircraft's retirement. During the Vietnam War the ALQ-119 was carried on the F-4, typically frequently mounted on the inboard station, though subsequently it was frequently mounted on the Left Forward Aim-7 missile station. This noise/deception jammer covered three frequency bands. Current AN/ALQ-119 maintenance activities include programming of new threats and techniques to the system, system performance laboratory testing, threat and weapon systems analysis and technique development, and field support for various range testing of the system.

AN/ALQ-184 Electronic Attack Pod

The AN/ALQ-184 Electronic Attack Pod provides self-protection for the F-16 combat aircraft and crew in a complex radar guided threat environment. Built by Raytheon E-Systems for the Air Force, the AN/ALQ-184 protects aircraft against radio frequency threats by selectively directing high power jamming against multiple emitters. In 1995 Raytheon's Goleta, California, electronic warfare operation, which builds the AN-ALQ-184, was combined with the company's E-Systems division.

Between 1989 and 1996 Raytheon delivered more than 850 pods to the US Air Force, including a 1993 award for 78 pods. During 1996 the US Air Force awarded contracts totaling $28 million to upgrade and improve the AN/ALQ-184 electronic countermeasures pod, bringing total value of that program since its inception to more than $1.2 billion. In April 1996 the US Air Force awarded Raytheon E-Systems a $5.2 million contract for the ALQ-184(V)9 Pod Program, under which Raytheon will modify ten pods to incorporate two previously stand alone self- protection systems. This integrated system will be produced by installing the AN/ALE-50 Towed RF Decoy into the AN/ALQ-184 ECM Pod. Additional modifications will enhance the combined performance of the pod and decoy. The modification provides the US Air Force with the most capable full-band self-defense suite available today. The system can be installed on nearly all tactical aircraft, with no changes to the airplane and will add a measure of effectiveness not available elsewhere. The ALQ-184(V9) production program continues the integration of the ALE-50 towed decoy system in a 3-band ALQ-184(V9) ECM pod. The ALE-50 towed decoy system cannot be carried on F-16 Block 25/30 aircraft without this modification.

In May 1994 it was announced that Raytheon will upgrade Taiwan's of F-16s with AN/ALQ-184 ECM pods. The contract, worth nearly $106 million includes 82 pods and support equipment and spares, marked the first foreign sale of the AN/ALQ-184.

Type: Navigation and targetting system
Origin: USA
Mfg: Lockheed Martin
IOC: 1987
Lenght: 6,5ft
Diameter: 15in
Weight: 994lbs
Sensors: IR, TFR and Laser
Sensor range: 15NM
Field of view: 30deg

Low Altitude Navigation and Targeting Infrared for Night, or LANTIRN, is a system for use on the Air Force's premier fighter aircraft -- the F-15E Eagle and F-16C/D Fighting Falcon, as well as the Navy's F-14 Tomcat. LANTIRN significantly increases the combat effectiveness of these aircraft, allowing them to fly at low altitudes, at night and under-the-weather to attack ground targets with a variety of precision-guided and unguided weapons.

LANTIRN consists of a navigation pod and a targeting pod integrated and mounted externally beneath the aircraft.

The AN/AAQ-13 navigation pod provides high-speed penetration and precision attack on tactical targets at night and in adverse weather. The navigation pod also contains a terrain-following radar and a fixed infrared sensor, which provides a visual cue and input to the aircraft's flight control system, enabling it to maintain a preselected altitude above the terrain and avoid obstacles. This sensor displays an infrared image of the terrain in front of the aircraft, to the pilot, on a head-up display. The navigation pod enables the pilot to fly along the general contour of the terrain at high speed, using mountains, valleys and the cover of darkness to avoid detection. The pod houses the first wide-field, forward-looking infrared navigation system for Air Force air-superiority fighters.

The AN/AAQ-14 targeting pod contains a high-resolution, forward-looking infrared sensor (which displays an infrared image of the target to the pilot), a laser designator-rangefinder for precise delivery of laser-guided munitions, a missile boresight correlator for automatic lock-on of AGM-65D imaging infrared Maverick missiles, and software for automatic target tracking. For a Maverick missile, the pod automatically hands the target off to the missile for launch with pilot consent. For a laser-guided bomb, the pilot aims the laser designator, and the bomb guides to the target. For a conventional bomb, the pilot can use the laser to determine range, then the pod feeds the range data to the aircraft's fire control system. The designator is a four-digit PRF-coded laser that can designate for its own weapons or for other acquisition devices or munitions. These features simplify the functions of target detection, recognition and attack and permit pilots of single-seat fighters to attack targets with precision-guided weapons on a single pass.

The research and development program began in September 1980 with Martin Marietta Corp. [now Lockheed Martin, Inc.], Orlando, Fla., as contractor. Initial operational test and evaluation of the LANTIRN navigation pod was successfully completed in December 1984. The Air Force approved low-rate initial production of the navigation pod in March 1985 and full-rate production in November 1986. The first production pod was delivered to the Air Force March 31, 1987.

In April 1986, initial operational test and evaluation of the LANTIRN targeting pod proved that a low-altitude, night, under-the-weather, precision attack mission was feasible. The Air Force approved low-rate initial production in June 1986. Introduction of the LANTIRN revolutionized night warfare by denying enemy forces the sanctuary of darkness.

Originally built for F-15E and F-16C/D fighters, LANTIRN was modified for the F-14 to include a global positioning system and an inertial navigation subsystem in the AN/AAQ-14 targeting pod [the F-14 does not carry the navigation pod]. The modification was ordered in response to a Navy decision to phase out the A-6 carrier-based ground-attack aircraft by mid-1996. The Navy has ordered LANTIRN targeting pods to equip a total of 19 F-14 Tomcat Strike Fighters. VF-103, the first Strike Fighter squadron which became operational in June 1996, saw action in Bosnia and Iraq while deployed aboard the USS Enterprise (CVN-65). The LANTIRN pods flew a total of 1,575 hours on 750 sorties, with a mission availability rate of 93 percent. This LANTIRN upgrade is part of a broader initiative to add a ground attack capability and other improvements to 210 F-14 Tomcat fighter aircraft (53 F-14Ds, 81 F-14Bs, and 76 F-14As). The F-14As of VF-154 on the USS Independence (CV 62), normally forward deployed in Yokosuka, Japan, were equiped with LANTIRN prior to their deployment to the Persian Gulf, as ar the F-14Bs of VF-102 on the USS George Washington (CVN 73).

An upgraded software package, installed beginning in 1999, for the LANTIRN pod allhws the F-14 to more accurately employ weapons as well as record more accurate target coordinates. Using the Fast Tactical Imagery (FTI) system, the F-14A Aircrew can transmit digital images captured from the LANTIRN pod video to another Tomcat or to the Battle Group Commander. These images could be used for immediate attack by another aircraft, for damage assessment, for locating targets of opportunity, or simply for determining precise coordinates for targeting by other weapons.

The LANTIRN Bomb Impact Assessment (BIA) Modification Program, formerly known as the Bomb Damage Assessment (BDA) Mod Program, consists of detailed design, manufacture, integration, and test of a radiometer, digital recorder, and portable data transfer device with the current LANTIRN Targeting Pod on F-15 aircraft. Software and hardware updates will also be completed on associated support equipment and image interpreter workstations. This modification would be done on existing LANTIRN targeting pods with no degradation in current mission performance and would be transparent to the pilot. A production/retrofit decision will be made following successful completion of the EMD program and authorization to proceed for retrofits of 43 Targeting Pods spread out over a three-year period. Delivery of the first production LANTIRN BIA Pod is anticipated to occur in January 2002.
The currently unfunded TESSA LANTIRN upgrade would integrate a 3rd Generation Staring Array into the existing LANTIRN Targeting pod. The upgrade will increase acquisition, identification and weapon employment ranges by a factor of four over the current 1st Generation Scanning Array in LANTIRN. This program will also incorporate an Automatic Target Cuer (ATC) to assist the WSO/Pilot in the detection and identification of targets in the viewing area. The ATC will provide a limited target recognition capability and display by class or vehicle type. The ATC performance is enhanced by incorporating an IMU for sensor stabalization. The upgrade improves standoff range (4-5 fold) for autonomous detection, acquisition, and attack of Time Critical Targets. It provides a higher probability of first-pass acquisition and attack of unsheltered mobile targets, enhances target re-acquisition following target hand-off from off-board sensors, and provides increased all-weather target acqusition , identification and assists in defeating passive CCD.

AN/ALE-40 Counter Measure Dispenser System (CMDS)

The AN/ALE-40 Counter Measure Dispenser System (CMDS) provides expendable counter measures stores and dispensing for multiple aircraft platforms. The AN/ALE-40 system is a means by which the pilot can release chaff or flare, depending on the threat type, to counter any homing of a missile to the plane. This is a very simple yet effective system. Chaff looks like millions of tiny strands of aluminum foil and each strip is cut to length to match the various wavelengths of the radar. Using chaff to combat radar was used as early as WWII and still proves very effective against nearly all radar threats. Flares are white hot magnesium that are designed to defeat a missile's infra-red (IR) tracking mechanisms.

This system is manufactured by Tracor.

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